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HIV/AIDS

This information provides a snapshot of the HIV epidemic in Canada sourced from a fact sheet series on the epidemiology of HIV and hepatitis C in Canada published by Public Health Agency of Canada (2011). All epidemiological information is approximate, based on the best available data.

The Number of People Living with HIV in Canada (prevalence) is Increasing

1/4 of People Living with HIV in Canada are Unaware That They Have HIV

Almost 25,000 People Living with HIV have Died Since the Beginning of the Epidemic

The HIV Epidemic in Canada is Concentrated in Specific Populations

People living with HIV include an estimated:

The Number of New HIV Infections in Canada has Remained Stable but is not Insignificant

The Number of New HIV Infections  may be Decreasing Among People who Inject Drugs, Females and Aboriginal People

Aboriginal Populations are Over-Represented in the HIV Epidemic

The Number of New HIV Infections May be Stable among MSM, MSM-IDU and People Exposed to HIV through Heterosexual Sex

People from Countries where HIV is Endemic are Over-Represented in the HIV Endemic

Key Definitions

HIV Prevalence—The number of people who are living with HIV at a point in time. Prevalence tells us how many people have HIV.

HIV Incidence—The number of new HIV infections in a defined period of time (usually one year). Incidence tells us how many people are getting HIV.

Where Do Are These Statistics From?

All epidemiological information is approximate, based on the best available data. The data on this page is sourced from the 2011 HIV prevalence and incidence estimates published by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC).

Estimates of HIV prevalence and incidence

National HIV estimates are produced by PHAC and published every three years. Estimates of HIV prevalence and incidence are produced by PHAC using statistical methods which take into account some of the limitations of surveillance data (number of HIV diagnoses reported to PHAC) and also account for the number of people living with HIV who do not yet know they have it. Statistical modeling, using surveillance data and additional sources of information, allows PHAC to produce HIV estimates among those diagnosed and undiagnosed. The most recent estimates available are for 2011. The next set of estimates will be available in 2015 and will pertain to the year 2014.

Acknowledgements

Thanks to the Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada for their expert review of this information.

References

Public Health Agency of Canada. Summary: Estimates of HIV Prevalence and Incidence in Canada, 2011. Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Professional Guidelines and Public Health Practice Division, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2012. Available at: www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/aids-sida/publication/survreport/estimat2011-eng.php

Author(s): L. Challacombe

Published: 2013

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